Jim Corbett National Park is a Project Tiger Reserve situated in the Nainital, Uttarakhand. It was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park. It is the oldest National Park of India. It is also famous as the first Project Tiger was first launched here in the year 1973. This National Park is a home to more than 650 endangered species of birds and other animals, elephants and four to five species of deer.
It covers an area of about 520 square kilometers, comprising of hills, marshy land, large lake, riverine belts and grasslands. Corbett National Park allows overnight stays to its visitors. To move around within the National Park for watching nature and wildlife, take on a Jeep Safari or an elephant Safari.
In Dikhala (situated at the border of Patli Dun valley, in Corbett having abundance of wildlife) you will find varied species of Birds & animals and more than 50 species of raptors (birds of prey like hawks, eagles, kites, vultures etc.). As a result, it is considered as the healthy biodiversity of the area.
Flora of Corbett National Park
Jim Corbett National Park is also enriched with flora. Sal forests cover more than 75% of the total area of the park. It has 600 species of plants including grass, ferns, climbers, herbs, shrubs, trees and bamboos.
Sal, Khair, Sissoo and the only conifer called Chir Pine are found in Corbett. Male Bamboo (Dendrocalamus strictus) can be seen in abundance. Flowering plants like Kachnar (Bauhinia Variegata), Semal (Bombax ceiba), Dhak, Madaar or Indian Coral (Erythrinia indica) and Amaltas (Cassia fistula) along with artificially planted trees likeTeak (Tectona grandis), Silver Oak (Gravillea robusta), Eucalyptus, Jacaranda (Jacaranda mimosaefolia) and Bottlebrush (Callistemon viminalis), and can be seen in and around the forest area of Corbett Tiger Reserve. Shrubs like Ber (Zizyphus), Maror Phali (Helicteres isora) and Jhau are also found in Corbett.
Fauna of Corbett National Park
The Fauna of Corbett National Park includes a huge list of animals besides Royal Bengal Tigers and Asiatic elephant, which are Asiatic Black Bear, Sloth Bear, Walking Deer, Hog Deer, Sambar, Yellow-throated Marten, Otters and Ghariyal along with aqua fauna such as Golden Oriole, Pallas Fish Eagle, Indian Pitta, Tawny Fish Owl, Scarlet Minivet and species of birds like the Great Pied or hornbill, Orange Breasted Green Pigeon, Hodgson's Bushchat, White-Backed Vulture, and reptile like Ghariyal or Aligator, Mugger or Crocodiles and the King Cobra.
Why Visit Corbett National Park
Whenever we think to visit somewhere so first question comes in our mind that why we should visit there? Why it is famous? And if we talk about Corbett national park so it attracts tourists from different parts of India and abroad in a huge amount. The significance is that there are a whole lot of flora and fauna variety alongside 500 different variety of avifauna which includes some of the most beautiful migratory birds as well as resident avifauna species. Grapevines are also to be marked as some of the major attractions of the region. The fauna in this region marks the presence of leopards, barking deer, hog deer, sambar deer, chital, sloth, Indian grey mongoose, Himalayan black bears, yellow throated martens, otters, Indian pangolins, Himalayan gorals, rhesus macaques and langur.
Whereas the Corbett National Park is also famous for its rich floral diversity too which also includes more than 500 different species of plants which are witnessed amongst the thick Sal, Sissoo and Khair groves. Chir pine, Banj Oak, Kanju, Date Palms, Jamun, Amla, Bel, Kusum, Mahua and Bakli. There is also a number of flowers such as the big red blooms, flame of the forest, bright orange flowers, madaar or the Indian coral, scarlet red flowers and amaltas found in this National Park.
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