Research Writing Guide

Research Writing Guide


Do you want your work to be highly rated? Write correctly. Let's try to clearly explain why this is not nitpicking. Others will evaluate your work, and it is very difficult for readers to follow the thought if there are no logical transitions in the text, logical stresses are incorrectly placed, etc.

A bad impression is instantly made by work with spelling and punctuation errors. Nobody wants to give a person who does not know the rules of the movement to use their machine, but to write a research paper without  the basic rules for placing commas!



To write off is not good. This is not discussed. Any borrowing of someone else’s text without reference to the author is considered plagiarism. Many are so used to writing essays, essays, and just homework that they see nothing unusual in this.

If the work is written off, sooner or later they give out the type of “To create an independent successful magazine brand in the United States there is no good taste, no authors ...” or something like “creating an extended class of comparisons” that are “inferior in a number of parameters”. Believe me, a trained teacher’s look will always catch a change in intonation, or a “foreign” word, or an illogical junction that allows us to suspect borrowing. And then - a matter of technology: check the quote in a search engine and make sure that the work is not independent. Any research paper writer can help with that task. References to sources and a well-formed list of used literature is an important indicator of the culture of research. 


But even with the necessary links, the amount of borrowing in the work cannot exceed 20%. Research is not an abstract.


Science style

Often, researchers include fragments of other people's scientific works or even textbooks in their text, not realizing that an external semblance of scientificness does not help to make a positive impression. Only the study is not at all about this (see the topic of the work), which means that the author simply wanted to sound spectacularly. The situation is aggravated when there are assumptions or evidence that in fact the author understands little in the subject of which he writes. And very often it happens. This becomes clear at the very first stage of the discussion of the work, when the authors cannot explain the meaning of the terms used. Then why write?

It is clear that I want to sound serious, and not to give out something like "Research about how it is ...". But that’s completely different. Nothing prevents you from being literate and original. Just phrases inherent in the scientific style should not be inserted into the text unknowingly.


Work design

What structure should graduate research work have? This is an informational type text, so the results of the study will be presented in a format different from a school essay or essay.

The volume of research work is from 10,000 to 40,000 characters. As a rule, it should have the following sections:

A. Cover page. Do not underestimate the information that this formal part of the work carries.

B. Abstract (or Summary), consisting of 100-200 words, briefly and clearly describing what you have done, what new data you received and what conclusions you made from them. This section in the Lyceum is allowed to be omitted.

C. Introduction - A brief overview of the background of the study with goal setting and a list of research objectives.

            Why was this study undertaken? Otherwise: what interested you in this topic, why did you tackle it? This is called “research relevance.”

What specific experimental hypotheses were you going to test? Otherwise: what did not satisfy you in all your knowledge on this subject and what was your own guess? This is called "novelty of work."

What previously published data prompted you to conduct this particular study? Otherwise: what did you know earlier on this topic? what in the literature you read or in life “hooked” you? This is called a "review" - literature or any other information. The review can be arranged in a separate chapter.

D. The bulk of the work. The research methodology must necessarily contain information about three key points:

  • Study material.
  • The method of your research.
  • The course of the study.
  • Clearly describe what you did.

For example, when and how the subjects were examined, what instructions were given to them, how did you record their reactions. It is useful to substitute the words “language material” / “physical phenomenon” / “architectural structure” / “historical event” instead of the word “testees” and continue the analogy depending on the area of your research. This is the main part, and it should be written so that any reader understands what you were doing, how you collected the material, what features it paid attention to.

D. Conclusions or Results. This part of the text should contain a verbal description of the results obtained (without any discussion or comment). This is the completion of the main part of the work. Ensure that the objectives outlined in the introduction are consistent with the findings.

Often, conclusions are included in conclusion.

E. Conclusion. This section should include a brief and substantive discussion of the meaning of your results. You should turn to the introduction and show how your data compares and develops the earlier works included in your review.



I work as a literary critic for more than 10 years. In my youth I was fond of literature and acting, but unfortunately with the career of the actress did not work out. I still in love with literature and film art. My favourite film is Titanic and my favourite actor is Leonardo di Caprio.

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