Urinary incontinence is an unintentional and involuntary leaking of urine. This can be an embarrassing problem. Often, the victim may feel hesitant to ask questions or speak up about their condition. This condition occurs in both men and women, but it is more common in the case of women. Part of the causes includes childbirth and pregnancy, which are the key contributors. Childbirth, particularly vaginal deliveries, may stretch as well as tear the ligaments and muscles in the pelvic region that may weaken the pelvic floor muscles, thereby causing urine leakage.
The global urinary incontinence market is the subject of the latest research report from Market Research Future (MRFR). The global urinary incontinence market is studied in detail in the report, which includes a detailed overview of the major factors affecting the growth of the urinary incontinence market, including major drivers and restraints. The historical growth trajectory of the urinary incontinence market is used to understand major growth patterns and to make sense of the market’s current position. Future projections are made regarding the market’s trajectory based on an extensive analysis of the market’s past growth trends. Leading players in the global urinary incontinence market are also profiled in the report. The report estimates that the Global Urinary incontinence Industry will reach a valuation of USD 27,775.9 million by 2022.
Urinary Incontinence- The Different Types
Urinary continence is of different types namely,
- Urgency Incontinence- It is the inability to hold urine long enough to reach a restroom. This can be associated with frequent urination and also the feel for a sudden, strong urge to urinate. Besides, this may be a separate condition, yet it may also be an indication of other conditions or diseases that needs medical attention.
- Overflow Incontinence- Here, leakage may occur the moment the amount of urine that is produced outdo the capacity of the bladder in holding it.
- Functional Incontinence- It is urine leakage owing to the difficulty of reaching the restroom in time due to different physical conditions, including injury, arthritis, and other disabilities.
- Stress Incontinence- It is urine leakage during lifting heavy objects, laughing, sneezing, coughing, exercise, or performing any other body movement, which puts pressure on the bladder.
There are several risk factors which may result in urinary incontinence in women such as,
- Obesity and Weight Gain- Each pound puts downward pressure both in the pelvic floor muscles and the bladder.
- Aging- The muscles surrounding the pelvic floor may sag, similar to muscles everywhere in the body.
- Chronic Cough and Smoking- Nicotine is likely to irritate the bladder in the case of some women, and chronic cough may put stress on the bladder resulting in involuntary leakage.
- Urinary Tract Infections- Different types of chronic infections in the urinary tract or the bladder can eventually result in urinary incontinence.
- Medication- Specific classes of medicine, namely diuretics and bronchodilators, may cause urine leakage.
- Menopause- Low levels of estrogen that are linked to menopause may result in the thinning of the vaginal and urethral walls that provide less support to the urinary bladder.
Apart from these, the other causes of urinary incontinence in women include bladder stones, dietary issues, and pelvic organ prolapse. Here the key is in realizing that more than a single factor can contribute to urinary leakage issues. Thus, it is crucial to consult a healthcare provider the moment one experiences any signs of urinary incontinence. In fact, the earlier the condition is diagnosed, the more easily the signs can be treated. Early detection indicates that conservative measures, especially lifestyle changes and physical therapy, are more effective.
Different Diseases That Can Cause Urinary Incontinence in Women
Apart from the aforementioned factors, if women suffer from any of these diseases they are likely to face urinary incontinence,
- Bladder Cancer
- Spinal Cord or Pelvic Floor injuries
- Multiple Sclerosis
- Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s Disease
Prevention and Treatment
There are various things that women can do to reduce their chances of developing urinary incontinence. Being a non-smoker as well as maintaining a healthy weight will go a long way in preventing incontinence. Kegel exercises can also work wonders in strengthening the pelvic floor muscles, thus cutting down the chances of having stress incontinence. There are different types of treatment to treat urinary incontinence, which will rest on its severity, the kind of urinary incontinence one has, the cause of incontinence, and also based on the patient’s age, medical history, and health. Treatments may comprise of special exercises, minimally invasive surgery, behavioral therapy, lifestyle changes, or medication. Today, different types of devices are available to treat urinary incontinence, such as urethral bulking agents, antimicrobial foley catheters, foley catheters, and electrical stimulation devices.
If you are dealing with incontinence, then remember you are not alone. Do not feel shy but talk to your physician about the different treatment options and check what feels just right for you.